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Sedmihoří - Valcha

Chlum at Darmyšl

Velký and Malý Chlum lie roughly 1 km southwest of Darmyšl in northern part of territory with a fitting name Sedmihoří (”Seven mountains”). Chlum belongs to the seven major hills, which gave the highlands name. Completely forested ridge lies in NW part of the upland. The spot height 571.5 m above tourist signpost “Pod Racovským vrchem” is joined by a shallow pass with Malý Chlum, which reaches 582 m in altitude.

Upper part of the Chlum hill

A more prominent saddle separates Malý and Velký Chlum. The main peak has altitude 609.5 meters and it is the second highest one in the highlands, towering above the inner basin of Sedmihoří and the surroundings by about 140 meters. In these places were located several areas which were during prehistoric times fortified. They belong to the archaeologically most important localities of the geopark. The hill fort has area of ca. 12 ha, it surrounds two granitic tops of Chlum and is naturally divided by the saddle to acropolis (around the spot height 609 m) and lower settlement (spot height 582 m). Both parts of the settlement were fortified by a simple, stony wall, whose course is mainly in the lower settlement unclear. Just on the most easily available NE side of acropolis is the wall more powerful and doubled, and from outside it is up to 4 m high. The prehistoric hill fort on Chlum was settled since the transition from older to middle Bronze age, which belongs to the so-called „early mound horizon“, dated into first half of 17th century B.C. Such a significant habitation from that transitional period is uncommon in Bohemia. In this case it could be related to the onset of colonization of the region, when Chlum could act as an executive center. In the area has been detected population from younger- and late Bronze Age, so-called Milaveč culture, Nynice culture from the period ca. 1200 – 900 B.C., late Hallstadt culture, and habitation from early- and peak mediaeval. Chlum represents by its extent and population intensity one of the largest localities of the so-called mound regions of central Europe. Archaeological findings are known since 60-ties of 20th century, when woodmen reported a found of prehistoric ceramics. From 80-ties of 20th century until yr. 1990 a systematic archeological research of West-Bohemian museum in Plzeň proceeded, which uncovered thousands of fragments of prehistoric as well as mediaeval ceramics. Habitation of the settlement persisted over long time with respect to very extreme natural conditions, and thus speculations suggest themselves, that it could appear in relation with local cassiterite placers and with nearby copper deposits.

Rock-basin

Rock basins

GPS position

N 49° 37.588', E 12° 52.449'
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