česky english deutsch

Hojsova Stráž

History

The oldest records always speak about this area as about a very ancient (primeval) forest, dense woods in high mountains; it is referred to as to a “Zejbišský” marshland and the first mentions about the time when man started to penetrate this land are just and only the fight between man and forest.

We know nothing today about the initial settlement of man. The chronicles of villages located in this area mention these times in a very brief and shallow manner, however, all of them agree when citing the name of this area – „Na království“ (“On Kingdom”), „Královský les“ (“King´s Forest”) or „Königlichewal­dhwozd“ in German, which common people shortened to „Künische Waldhwozd“ and just „Künische“. The initial settlement might have had one or two farmsteads with adequate out-buildings and barns, and since the local inhabitants of that time had the duty to protect the regional boundaries must have been built similarly to most Chodsko villages – i.e., the village had to be hidden to the sight of an enemy looking from the land border. So, all settlements and villages in the guardian Chodsko region are built either behind the hills or at least behind the woods, and are visible only from the mainland. This is clearly the case of Hojsova Stráž, as this guard point had been built for this very reason. The geological formation suggests that the first timber farm of the first settlers of that time used to be located on the site of the current house No.3 ( opposite the bus stop heading for Železná Ruda), which is backed by the nearby water spring and about 400 – 500 years old lime tree our ancestors of the Slavic origin used to plant around their settlements.

The names of mountain peaks, though Germanized over time, show the location of the initial settlement. It is primarily Strážní hora (Guard Mountain), so-called „Hochwart“, 1000 metres above the sea level and Kamenná závora (Stone Bar or Gate), so-called „Steinriegel“. Free magistrate courts (rychty) and the organization of guard service in this region had been in place much later. The records in the Chronicles speak about them as late as in the year 1500 to 1614, whereas the settlement of a village located here with the Chodsko Guards is dated in 1040. The system of free magistrate courts headed by the village magistrate (rychtář) was introduced 570 later than the settlement of the region, which happened under the reign of Prince Břetislav I..

1848 …………………. 1441 inhab.
1850 …………………. 1187 inhab.
1921 …………………. 903 inhab.
1945 …………………. 1714 inhab.
1948 …………………. 226 inhab.
2008 …………………. 127 inhab.


Useful information

Česká pošta, (Czech Post) s.p., Hojsova Stráž (phone no. 376 390 120), MO – FR: 13:00 – 16:00

Lékařská ordinace (Medical surgery) Železná Ruda (phone no. 376 397 312), MO, TH: 7:30 – 17:00, TU,WED,FR: 7:30 – 12:00,

Městská Policie (City Police) Železná Ruda (phone no. 602 437 686)

Hasiči (Firemen) Hojsova Stráž (phone no.606 312 870)

Hasiči (Firemen) Železná Ruda (phone no. 724 347 596)

Lékárna (Pharmacv) Železná Ruda (phone no. 376 397 032), MO – FR: 8:00 – 12:00, 13:00 – 17:00

Sběrný dvůr (Waste collection tip) Železná Ruda, WED: 14:00 – 18:00, SA: 8:00 – 12:00

Auto – pneu servis (Car and tyre service) Dalibor Řehulka, Špičák 138 (phone no. 605 803 685)

Odtahová služba (Tow service), nákladní doprava (Freight transport) KS Kontejner (Container) (phone no. 725 809 030)

GPS position

N 49° 12.666', E 13° 11.839'
[GPX]

[MAPY.CZ]

Contact

Město Železná Ruda
Milan Kříž
Tel.:602293443
e-mail:kriz@zeleznaruda.cz
http://