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Hojsova Stráž

Manor house

In 1811, Wolfgan Zelzer had a house (later of the no. 9, today a manor house) built for his mother Margareta on a so-called „smith´s meadow“. The house later served as a poorhouse for the local poor, the overaged and landless. In 1839, it was bought by Mr. Schoberl who had enlarged it by a small farm. He then sold it to Johan Linzmayer who bought it for his son, a cabinetmaker. The house was given a nickname “Schobertlischler”. It did not serve as a poorhouse any more. Jan Linzmayer equipped it with a cabinet shop which he sold to another cabinetmaker, Emanuel Holub shortly after. Mr. Holub of an unknown origin was little successful here, which was why he sold the house to a married couple of Adam and Margareta Oberhofers by the transfer of 13th March 1876. The house became a part of a guesthouse registered under no. 7. It was later purchased by Moritz Gratel, a railway officer, who rebuilt it into a pension. The property was later inherited by his cousin Franciska and his daughter Marie Gratel who had the pension renovated and reconstructed. The family members of German nationality were displaced during the years 1945 – 1946. The Gratels who were of Austrian nationality could stay. Their property was partly confiscated, partly declared as Austrian national property.

“Two days later I was gazing from the heights over the railway station Hamry-Hojsova Stráž towards Ostrý Hill arching as a wide heap over a border mountain ridge, its hillsides and slopes descending wide to the Úhlava Brook. The valley of my childhood was called Donnerwinkel, in a local dialect “Tonnawinkel” , officially it was “Tanenwinkel” (in Czech Jedlový kout). Its fir-smelling shade used to be riddled with countless legends and magic. Its lonely inhabitants would believe in witches and forest spirits and filled their wells by a sanctified salt and earth from their fields at the night of Christmas Eve. It was the world where Aflred Kubin drew his phantoms from. Surrounding hillsides were home of large mansions of the then farmers. A forester house called Fenzelhof with a large roof and thick walls partly covered with dark-brown shingles stood at a bend of a valley slope – the place of my birth. A Czech forester was settled there now. The reason for it was the fact that this piece of land in the heart of Šumava forest was taken away from the lords of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen by the young Czechoslovakian state under the land reform eight years ago. However, it still remained to be my home. There were peasants and woodcutters sitting at their farm buildings and fields using the same language as their fathers: it was still the familiar land of my youth – even though I was already an expatriate in the valley. I would have indulged in my homesick mood at that shiny noon silvered by the autumn standing over forests as always when I Iooked in that direction. Anticipating a meeting with Alfred Kubin and Hans Watzlik that afternoon and being in a hurry, I took a shortcut to Hojsova Stráž instead, climbing steeply up the hill and over the mountain ridge. On the fringes of the forest, a few stag jumps from the mountain village, poets and painters, musicians and scientists would meet annually from the beginning of summer holidays to late autumn in a hospitable villa house of Gratel Alfred Konig in Hojsova Stráž, a Director of one Viennese brewery. Also this time there were Alfred Kubin and HansWatlik sitting at a large garden terrace. Robert Hohlbaum arrived from Vienna, Albert Wesselsky, a managing editor of Bohemia papers came from Prague. He was just talking about his collection of legends, newly published in a popular publishing of Eugen Diederichs in Jena”. – Leo Hans Mally, a poet and writer.

GPS position

N 49° 12.552', E 13° 12.262'



Město Železná Ruda
Milan Kříž