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Hostivař Park Forest

European hornbeam, Carpinus betulus

You can see a European hornbeam (Carpinus betulus) not far from here. It is a robust monoecious broadleaf tree, growing up to about 25 metres. Its original homeland included Europe, the Caucasus, and Asia from Turkey to Iran. It has a mighty, highly arched but sometimes slightly irregular crown. Its trunk is covered with smooth grey bark; the branches have a glossy brown bark. The leaves are alternate, elongated, ovate, briefly pointed at the tip, doubly sharply serrated. It is in blossom between April and May. Its catkins are unisexual: the male inflorescence is a 3–5 cm long catkin; the fascicled female catkins with trilobed bract sleeves grow on the year’s twigs. The fruit is a nut concealed in a trilobed bract sleeve (wing). The tree grows in groves and mixed stands at lower elevations. It tolerates lopping well, which is why it is frequently used in hedgerows. It is also planted for its good hard wood.

GPS position

N 50° 2.676', E 14° 31.991'



Ústav pro ekopolitiku, o.p.s.
Mgr. Lubomír Bartoš