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Kamenolom Žlutava


The sandy sediments gave rise to:

Slate metamorphosed to crystalline slate, and lime sediments turned into crystalline limestone and dolomites, together labelled as marble. They form tiles or dentilated structures and are mostly compact. They tend to be whitish or in various colours, depending on the contaminants they contain. The contaminants tend to manifest in concentrated form as stripes, often with a furrow structure. Depending on the ratio of calcite to dolomite, or carbonate to silicate, we distinguish a number of variants: crystalline limestone, dolomitic limestone, calcitic dolomites; largely uncontaminated marble transmutes into erlans poor in carbonates, etc. Crystalline limestone with dolomitic contamination is prevalent; uncontaminated crystalline limestone is relatively rarer, as is uncontaminated dolomite.

In the last two centuries, crystalline limestone was intensively quarried. The quarry walls often exposed karst caves with sparse stalactite and stalagmite decoration. In 1954, a survey registered 21 caves, mostly in the quarry walls. Pec is the longest cave with 87 metres. Roušarova cave in the middle section of the quarry is also well-known. The largest underground hall is in the cave Velký dóm, where stalactites and stalagmites take up 24×14 m. 

GPS position

N 49° 11.647', E 17° 28.212'