česky english deutsch <<<

Kamenolom Vyšný

Forest recultivation

If the areas affected by the mining were temporarily removed from the fund of land intended for the fulfillment of the functions of the forest and according to the Plan of rehabilitation and recultivation should be re-managed in forestry, the forest recultivation shall be followed by the technical adjustments made in the field. By the mid-1950s, the plantations of undemanding rapidly growing pioneer trees had been carried out on the slopes of undermined areas. Since the 1960s, a wider range of preparatory, ameliorative and target species has been used. In the 70s and 80s of the 20th century, on the larger areas treated by technical recultivations, amelioration trees were planted.
Since the 1990s, after the decline of agricultural and food production, the forest recultivation carried out within the framework of the concept of landscape ecological restoration of large-scale areas has been highly preferred. In the second decade of the 21st century, this trend continues. The first one, which usually takes 1–3 years, consists of mechanical and chemical soil preparation and own planting of trees. Their intention is to grow the pine forests as quickly as possible on reclaimed areas. The second phase of forest recultivation is the following cultivation care for 6 – 8 years, which consists of improvement of the plantations carried out, crop fertilization, digging, eating, gamekeeping, irrigation and, if necessary, cuttings and possibly shaped cuts. In the case of forest recultivation, ecologically valuable stands of native tree species are paradoxically eliminated during the phase of mechanical and chemical soil preparation, which would significantly enhance newly planted monocultures. In the Vyšný quarry the forest recultivation was done with high quality and sensitivity to the environment.

GPS position

N 48° 49.916', E 14° 17.848'