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Kamenolom Vyšný


The geomorphological diversity of the terrain is high. Areas with varied vegetation cover alternate here. On the bottom of the quarry of the quarry with forest recultivation, on the mining walls and above all in the edge areas, processes of ecological succession have come to more advanced stages. Reptiles are represented by stable populations. Bird communities have relatively low biodiversity. Most bird species nest on trees and shrubs in the vicinity of the quarry. The NT category – Nearly endangered taxa is represented with the red-backed shrike protected under decree as endangered species. From the category LC – a little affected taxa, there is the European green woodpecker. Among mammals there is, among other things, the field hare listed in the Red List in the NT category – almost endangered taxa and the roe deer.

Endangered and particularly protected vertebrate species The common European viper is a poisonous serpent from the Viper family (in the Red List of Vertebrates of the Czech Republic it is registered in VU category – vulnerable taxa.) Due to its extreme resistance to cold weather, its area reaches much further north than the other snakes. Of the Czech Republic, the relatively small adult females are 60 to 75 cm in length but the males are not more than 60 cm long and can be between 20 and 25. The most common color is gray to blue-gray with a distinct dark curved line on the back.

Red-backed shrike (Lanius collurio) The bird is a small species of the Laniidae family. In the Red List of Vertebrates of the Czech Republic, it is listed in the NT category – almost endangered taxa. The body is 16 to 18 cm long and weighs up to 30 g. Young birds are densely wrinkled on the dorsal side. It breeds from May to July. It is territorial throughout the year. The nest nests both birds in a tangle of branches, most often up to 2 m.

GPS position

N 48° 49.972', E 14° 17.670'