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Kamenolom Vyšný

Vegetation and plant species

According to the map, the potential natural vegetation covered the Vyšný territory, including the quarry of the limelight, the basophilous thermophilous oak forests with tor-grass and oak groves. In the south-eastern part of the quarry bed, forest recultivation was accomplished. Most of the quarry bed and the mining walls have been left to natural ecological succession, the process of which is at an early stage. In addition to the seedling trees, which are complemented by the poplar, there are also climax trees. In the bushes of the bushes there are the dominant willows, plum trees, hawthorn and rosa canina (rosehip). The mix is supplemented with hazelnuts, elderflower, ligustrum vulgare, honeysuckle, and common dogwood. The biodiversity of vascular plants is very high in this biotope. Confirmed was the presence of 16 endangered species registered in the Red List of vascular plants of the Czech Republic.

Endangered and especially protected species of vascular plants Forest anemone is a perennial herbaceous plant. In the Red List, it is registered in category C3 – endangered taxa. The tentacular stem is 20 to 45 cm high. The white pentathlon flowers have an average diameter of up to 6 cm. Blooms from May to June. The fruit is a lanigerous achene.

Royal helleborine The dark red roe is a perennial herb from the Orchidaceae family. In the Red List, it is registered in category C3 – endangered taxa. The herb has a straight, straight stem of 20–60 cm high. Leaves grow in two distinct rows. They are ovate to ovate-lanceolate, 5–12 cm large. Red purple flowers in the number 10–30 are arranged in a spindle. Blooms from May to August.  

GPS position

N 48° 49.923', E 14° 17.924'