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Odval dolu Vítek


The pit tip displays some of the common mollusc species, such as Roman snail or grove snail. There are also several ant species and common beetles. 29 lepidoptera (butterfly) species were documented on the pit tip. 

Endangered and specially protected species

Black-backed meadow ant Black-backed meadow ant is the largest species of European red wood ant that you can see in the Czech Republic. Its look is very similar to its related species, a wood ant and a smaller wood ant and even other Formica species. The ant can be found throughout Europe, though it has probably died out on the British isles. It is quite common and ample in number all over the country. Contrary to other wood ants, black-backed meadow ant prefers light forests and open landscape; it lives on meadows, pastures, fallow lands and ditches. The anthill is usually low and flat, and the cumulous nest is often sunken in the centre. Anthills are constructed of dry grass blades, small branches, soil lumps or pebbles. On the outskirts of a forest, the ants sometimes form a colony of several nests.

Black-veined white Black-veined white is a butterfly of the Pieridae family. It is distinctive by the black veining on the white wings. The front wing grows 28 – 35 mm long. The biotope for black-veined white is shrubs and forest-steppe with live plants. It used to be abundant in fruit orchards, however, it was considered a pest. The population of black-veined white varies, it used to fluctuate significantly. The explanation is not quite clear, the species is presumably sensitive to some of the pesticides. At present, the species is abundant in Bohemia, particularly in ruderal areas like this one. In Moravia on the contrary, the species is completely absent.

Autor: JirkaSv

GPS position

N 50° 10.402', E 14° 9.479'



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