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How did the Beskids come into being?

Do you know how these mountains you are in came into existence? Do you feel like a little time travel? Let us go back to the times when Europe didn’t look the way it does today, Africa wasn’t where it is today, and even the Mediterranean Sea didn’t exist. Have you heard the mysterious name Tethys? More than 150 million years ago, there was an ocean between what was to become Europe and Africa, which scientists named the Tethys for a Greek goddess. It was in the Tethys that the rocks comprising the Beskids were formed millions of years ago. Layers of conglomerates formed from sedimenting fragments of rocks; sandstone layers formed from sand; claystone formed from finer particles. That process lasted for tens of millions of years. When the European and African continental plates started colliding, the sedimentary rocks rose from the bottom and shifted towards Europe in massive layers, called sheets. They formed not only the Beskids, but all of Slovakia’s, Ukraine’s and Romania’s Car­pathians as well. The continental pressures also formed the Alps and the Atlas in Africa. The sheets arrived in the Czech territory about 15 million years ago. As a result, while the Jeseníky are made of rocks over 300 million years old, the Beskids are much more recent, and Europe’s original surface is about 4 km below your feet.

The unusual ouzel

Everyone knows the blackbird, or ouzel. But, did you know that there is a special mountain ouzel, called the Ring Ouzel? You will recognise it by the white spot on its chest, and since it’s a migratory bird, you can spot one in the local forest between April and August or September. Beautiful flowers, but dangerous fruit The Paradise Plant is a low shrub, producing heady-scented flowers in early spring. Some birds will enjoy its fruits, but these little red stone fruits are poisonous to us humans. It is even said that as few as 10 of them can kill a human being. (Author: Ing. Vojtěch Bajer)

GPS position

N 49° 32.571', E 18° 39.718'
[GPX]

[MAPY.CZ]

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