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Castles on Rocks

Cheb

On the site of today's castle from the 9th century, there existed Slavic fortified settlement. During the 11th century, the originally Slavic Cheb region became under considerable pressure of the Bavarian Nordgau, from where came to successive German colonization of this area. Around 1125, Margrave Diepold III from Giengen and Vohburg built the first stone castle there. In the history of the castle went down Emperor Friedrich I Barbarosa (1125–1126 to 1190), which had the original object rebuilt into a sumptuous imperial palace (so-called Kaiserpfalz), which have repeatedly visited with the whole court during his regular inspection tours of the German empire.

The Cheb Castle in 1790

Friedrich, however, was not the only VIP hosted in cosy chambers of the Cheb Castle. The castle was visited by the „Father of the Nation“ Charles IV or the “Hussite King” George of Podebrady. The castle lived also hard and turbulent times, many wars and conquests. There rattled around him Hussite wagons, rustled weapons of the Swedish mercenaries during the Thirty Years War, and were destroyed by fire and sword of the troops of the French King Louis XV in the 40th of the 18th century. The latest development phase of the castle was on the turn of the 17th and 18th century, when it was partially rebuilt into a Baroque fortress citadel.

The Cheb Castle in 1875

Attention of geologist attracts especially the prismatic Black Tower. It is built of basalt blocks, which come from the famous „Minivolcano“ of Komorní hůrka.

Black Tower

The bedrock of the Cheb Castle is built by phyllites. They are fine-grained, highly micaceous, shale rocks with a strong tectonic violation. They are considerably quartziferous, with frequent quartz lenses and veins. Jointing is conditioned by foliation, resulting in a plate or splinter shape fragments. Phyllites are often affected by the intense and deep weathering, which started in before Tertiary period.

Chapel

GPS position

N 50° 4.856', E 12° 21.982'
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