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Educational Mining Trail Přebuz

The Přebuz Water Channel

Educational Mining Trail Přebuz

The Přebuz Hereditary Water Channel is one of the oldest technical monuments on the Czech side of the Ore Mountains. It was excavated by the Schlick family in the mid-16th century, i.e. during the largest mining boom in this area. The purpose of the channel was provide enough water power for machinery in mines, ore crushing plants and tin washing plants.

The Přebuz Channel at the Ritter’s Shaft

The channel began 4 km north of Přebuz, in the source peat bog of the Rolava River. Into the river bed has been built in a Y-shaped wooden water divider. One branch of the stream took water on the right slope of Rolava, along the foot of the Smrčina Hill and around the Přebuz Lodge into the network of placers and mines. Waste waters were seduced into the regulated channel of the Rotavský Stream passing through Přebuz.

The Přebuz Channel at the crossing the road to Stříbrná (2000)

The Přebuz Hereditary Channel is 5.5 km long in total, after accounting the regulated section of the stream time still one more kilometre. The channel is recorded on maps of Bohemia since 1712. Long after the end of its functions in mining operations, until 1945, the municipality of Přebuz maintained and used this work as a water source for homesteads and workshops. By transferring water from the Rolava catchment area to the Rotava one, the channel significantly influenced the hydrological regime of the landscape. After the displacement of German inhabitants, the channel ceased to be maintained and dried up. However, in forests and meadows it is still clearly visible.

The Přebuz Channel at below the Smrčina Hill

This text was written by Petr Rojík.

GPS position

N 50° 21.960', E 12° 36.943'