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Already in the 16th century the infantry, which was more numerous than cavalry, were the backbone of the troops. During the Thirty Years' War its ranks, arranged either in deep Spanish thirds of two to three thousand men in a checkerboard position, or in a more modern linear layout that was better for the use of arms, were the base of a battle assembly. Infantry tactics consisted of cooperation between pikemen and musketeers.

Pikes, up to 6 metre long spears with a small tip and a point on the other end, which enabled hammering it into the ground, were used both for offensive and defensive combat at this time. Soldiers wore partial plate armor and helmets with high ridges, the sword was the side arm. Less numerous were specialist soldiers with a small round shield as a protective weapon and a shorter pike and sword for combat. Gradually, however, these soldiers disappeared from the battlefield.

The musketeers were armed with up to 7 kg heavy muskets with a slow match lock, the effective range was about 300 m. For hand to hand combat they were armed with a sword, often also a dagger and a supporting fork for stabilizing the musket when shooting, and did not wear protective armor.

In case of cavalry attack or within close proximity of enemy troops the musketeers retreated behind pikemen, who were trained in close combat. In the early 17th century, the normal ratio of pikemen and musketeers was 120 : 160 in one battalion The main administrative body was the regiment, numbering about 1,500 men, divided in battalions and further into squads and sections. The commander, and also the owner, was a colonel (Obrist), though often in reality the actual command was delegated to an officer of the same rank.

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N 49° 50.121', E 12° 50.927'