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Broumov

Broumovská bučina (Broumov Beech Forest)

The bedrock of the nature reserve lies at the borderline of cordierite gneisses and rather weakly metamorphosed rocks that mainly occur in a steep cliff face and on the crestline. Cordierite gneisses underment contact metamorphism, which reached such intensity that a blue mineral crystallized in them. The landmark is a frost-riven cliff. Another erosion is the formation of talus fields. They formed by accumulation of material from the top partions of cliff faces. These fields are usually covered whit a talus forest.

Situation plan of the Broumov Beech Forest Nature Reservation

The Broumov beech forest is located on a hillside above the right bank of the Hamerský potok stream. The area of over 26 ha was declared a nature reserve in 1988. The reserve protects almost original beech forest and a very well-preserved vegetation layer. The herb layer is very diverse, includings rare plants such as aconite wolf (Aconitum vulparia), corydalis hollow (Corydalis cava), Lunaria perennial, Lunaria rediviva, anemone (Anemone ranunculoides), senecio (Senecio nemorensis) or impatiens (Impatiens noli-tangere).

Impatiens

There are trees like maple, basswood and rowan, which belong to the natural part of the forest. The forests are home to typical species of animals such as deer, hare, fox. Among amphibians salamander or toad live at lower altitudes.

Toad

They differ from beech with richer plant composition. The tree layer is dominated by maples, basswoods, ashes and elms sometimes called talus woods. In the shrub layer is composed by hazel, honeysuckle or yew. Plants of the herb layer invade from the surrounding beech forests, typical is nettle and hydrophilous plants of the valley areas. The hillsides show a significant soil solifluction. Soils show a high content of skeletal fragments and nutrients. Talus forests constitute the only vegetation over small areas.

GPS position

N 49° 53.361', E 12° 34.859'
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