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Mining Towns and Villages


The region between Boží Dar and Potůčky in the Krušné hory / Erzgebirge Mts. belonged in the 15th and 16th century alternately to Bohemia and Saxony. Until 1459 it held the King George of Poděbrady, but then fell Saxon Dukes. After the victory of Catholics over Protestants in the Schmalkalden War in 1546, Ferdinand I of Habsburg joined him again to the Bohemian Kingdom.

Taler with a picture of King Ferdinand I

Abertamy was established as a mining village in the vicinity of silver, tin and iron ore deposits located on land owned by the powerful Schlick House. The first written accounts date back to 1525–1529. In the middle of the 16th century, the district was one of the largest silver producers in the Bohemian Kingdom – by 1589, it had already provided 100 thousand marks (nearly 25 tons) of silver. However, the high grade silver deposits had been exhausted by the end of the 16th century. The Thirty Years‘ War, followed by the violent recatholicization which forced many people to flee to Protestant Saxony, sped up the mines‘ decline. Traditional crafts of the Krušné hory Mts., primarily lacemaking, became the main source of earning a living.

In the 18th century, the town flourish again by the manufacture of leather gloves. The manufacture of gloves continued even after the nationalization of factories; it finally declined in 1998. The post-war period revived mining operations. This time the interest was in uranium. Between 1946–1965, miners drove more than 53 kilometers of galleries, pits and shafts in the cadastral area of Abertamy in pursuit of this strategic metal. The Jeroným and Albrecht shafts were in use in Abertamy itself. Currently, Abertamy is a centre for winter and summer recreation that has flourished again in the past few years, mainly due to its picturesque location at the foot of Plešivec Mt.

Winter Abertamy with the Jeroným uranium mine in the mid-20th century

Abertamy coat of arm in its present form is likely to be used since the early 19th century. In a red shield with a gold leaf crown are silver mining hammers with gold handle. Shield-bearers are two silver lions standing on a gold crossbar.

The Abertamy Coat of Arms

GPS position

N 50° 22.104', E 12° 49.041'