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Castles on the rocks

Vranov (Pantheon)

Pantheon lies on the right bank of the Jizera river. Pantheon Maloskalsko rocky ridge is stretched across the Lusatian fault from Suché skály rocks to the castle Frýdštejn and farther to the west. Lusatian fault continues to Kozákov and from him east to Jicin. Pronounced ridge – it is erect and sometimes even overturned layers Cenomanian sandstone, medium to coarse-grained kaolinite with limestone cement generally very solid. During the Saxon tectonic unrest that occurred around mid-Tertiary, as a response to strong alpine orogeny, were dragged from the subsoil under Czech Cretaceous sediments along the Lusatian fault. They are just Cretaceous, suggests many fossilized shells and oysters and scallops prints in finding them, and tectonic movements are evident in the sandstones themselves in the form of grooves, called tectonic mirrors.

Appearance of the castle Vranov was influenced terrain situations sandstone cliffs on which it was built sometime before 1425, during the 16th century, however, has been abandoned. The castle was probably two sections, the first section is located on the northern slope at the foot of rocky cliffs, to the very core of sandstone blocks were used.

Significant interference with the appearance Vranov adjustments were new owner(since 1802) Franz Zacharias Römische who transformed ruins of the castle to a romantic and open to the public memorial. The surroundings of the castle had vanished supplement monuments and memorial signs suggestive of glorious moments of the past, it culminated in 1826, when Summer Palace-chapel was built above the Jizera valley in the eastern part on sandstone cliffs.

GPS position

N 50° 38.565', E 15° 11.235'



Geopark UNESCO Český ráj
Jiří Vlasák