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Morávka Nature Trail in Skalice

Morávka Nature Trail in Skalice 2

Alluvial Forest

Alluvial forest is dependent on regular floods. Water brings nutrients and keeps sufficient height of ground water surface. Forest development is very dynamic. Thanks to the volatility of the flow rate its conditions change all the time. The typical phase of an alluvial forest is characterised by rich diversity of animal and plant species, it is then called the Middle Europe “jungle”. There used to be alluvial forests along all rivers in the Middle Europe in the past. By work of man, who in the efforts to prevent from floods would change the river flows and build dikes, they have gradually disappeared. They were substituted by monocultures of xerophilous woody plants or used for other purposes (agriculture, building). Nowadays, we know that the alluvial forests, on the contrary, reduce the risk of large floods as the water can spread safely losing its power and speed. Smaller floods, on the other hand, are an essential part of alluvial forest dynamics.

Forests along Morávka River

The forests along Morávka River are not alluvial forests any more as the river bed has been carved 3 to 7 m deep compared to the river terrace. There are only a few stands resembling the native species, differentiated by age and species type. Most of the forests have been altered by even-aged deciduous trees with the majority of small-leaved lime and common ash mixed with common alder, English oak, Scottish maple and Norway maple. Worth noticing is the population of grey alder descending the vegetation levels along the river flow and the European white elm, nowadays on decrease. There are some significant woody plants to be seen here like the wild cherry, black poplar, willow trees and the Wych elm which have almost disappeared due to the unfavourable forest management. The shrub layer is very rich at some of its parts. It consists of bird cherry, guilder-rose, dogwood, European hazel, hawthorn, spindle tree, alder buckthorn and black alder.

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Useful information


Krajský úřad Moravskoslezského kraje, odbor životního prostředí a zemědělství 28. října 117, 702 18 Ostrava www.kr-moravskoslezsky.cz tel.: +420 595 622 297

Město Frýdek-Místek ul. Radniční 1148 738 22 Frýdek Místek www.frydekmistek.cz/cz/o-meste/

GPS position

N 49° 39.784', E 18° 25.156'



Krajský úřad Moravskoslezského kraje, odbor životního prostředí
Město Frýdek-Místek ul. Radniční 1148 738 22 Frýdek Místek
28. října 117, 702 18 Ostrava
Tel.:+420 595 622 297