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The Oder River - Poolší Bird Area 4

Rychvald Ponds System 2

Basic information

Rychvald ponds system is powered by the Rychvald stream and it includes the following ponds: Nový rybník (New Pond), Dub (Oak), Kout (Corner), Kališok, Prostřední rybník (Middle Pond), Špice, Statkové rybníky, Skučák (between the towns Orlová and Rychvald), and Podkostelní rybník (Pond under the Church). Malý Cihelník a Velký Cihelník can be found south of Rychvald. Fishpond cultivation has had a long tradition in this area, its ponds were established already in the 15th and 16th century. Carps, tenches and small fish were bred here. Ponds also retained water to power the water mills. The whole area is mostly important from the ornithological point of view. Skučák Pond and its close surrounding were declared a nature reserve in 1969 with the aim to protect plant communities with Yellow Floating heart Nymphoides peltata, amphibians and waterfowls. Apart from that, the whole area belongs to Heřmanský the state – The Oder River – Poolší Bird Area, which is situated in the northeastern part of the Moravian-Silesian region near the Polish border. This area is based upon the Oder river (in the lenght of cca 10 km) and the Olza river (in the lenght of cca 16 km) including adjacent river floodplains. Karviná ponds system and the stretch of the Petrůvka river border are connected from the east, pond systems in Rychvald, Bohumín – Záblatí and Heřmanice are connected form the south. This bird area covers 3100,8670 hectares.

Subject of protection

The following species are the main subjects of protection in this bird area: the Little Bittern Ixobrychus minutus, the Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis and the Bluethroat Luscinia svecica. Except from that, many rare amphibians, birds and other animals can be found there. The Yellow Floating heart Nymphoides peltata belongs to one of these species.

Nymphoides peltata

The Yellow Floating heart

The Yellow Floating heart Nymphoides peltata is a perennial water plant with a long creeping rhizome. It grows in still or slowly running waters of ponds, rivers, blind river arms or pools in the depth from 20 to 140 cm. The Yellow Floating heart belongs to critically endangered species protected by law and also by the red list. This plant is mainly endangered by the intensive farming at ponds and breeding non-original herbivorous fish species which results in a dramatic decrease in Nymphoides numbers. Carps and amurs harm the plant by plowing the river bed and destroying the rhizomes on the bottom. Special measures to protect this plant were taken in Skučák Nature Reserve.

Useful information

Contact information Regional Authority of the Moravian-Silesian Region, Department of the Environment and Agriculture 28. října 117, 702 18 Ostrava www.kr-moravskoslezsky.cz Phone: +420 595 622 297

GPS position

N 49° 51.838', E 18° 23.271'
[GPX]

[MAPY.CZ]

Contact

ČSOP Onyx
http://csoponyx.cz