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Historie obce Špičák


The Mountain Rescue Service operates in seven mountain areas of the Czech Republic: the Šumava, Krušné hory (The Ore Mountains), Jizerské hory (The Jizera Mountains), Krkonoše (The Eagle Mountains), Orlické hory (The Eagle Mountains), the Jeseníky Mountains and the Beskydy Mountains. The Ministry for Regional Development has been the founder of the Mountain Rescue Service in the Czech Republic since 2004. The Mountain Rescue Service of the Czech Republic is a constituent of the Integrated Rescue System and works closely with the Emergency Medical Services, the Police of the Czech Republic and the Fire Brigades. The Šumava Mountain Rescue Service covers specified mountain terrain of an area of 1068 km2, including the Pilsner and South-Bohemian regions, the whole Šumava National Park and one part of the Šumava Protected Landscape Area.

Ten professional rescuers and twenty-two voluntary members of the Mountain Service (a civic association) provide all year round rescue in the mountain terrain. The rescuers are trained professionals of a high professional level, treating about 1200 injuries in the Šumava every year. They work in three districts: Špičák in the western part of the Šumava, Zadov in the central part, and Kramolín in the southern part of the Šumava. Špičák Sports Area, Prášily, Kvilda, Kubova Huť and Nová Pec also belong to Mountain Rescue Service stations, ensuring further rescue service. The Rescue Service has six rescue vehicles, thirteen snowmobiles, and five terrain scooters at its disposal; and also other transport equipment and medical material that is needed to provide basic first aid.

Let´s look into the history of the Mountain Rescue Service: after 1945, there was a number of quite good skiers and athletes amongst the population around Špičák, Klatovy and Pilsen, some of whom took part in the founding of the Ski Club and the Šumava Mountain Rescue Service (established on 16. 7. 1948). The skier Antonín Říha was the most important person – he used his apartment in Stella Guesthouse on Špičák as the first station of the Mountain Rescue Service. Six volunteers of different professions were meeting there, including a local general practitioner. Antonín Říha was not only the founder of the Mountain Rescue Service, but also its long-term chief and later the chairman of the Czechoslovak Mountain Rescue Service. In 1949, this group of volunteers was extended to Hojsova Stráž, where five further people signed its membership. The only equipment of that time was their passion to help people who have gotten into trouble in the mountain areas.

In 1950, a so-called “border zone” was established, accessible only with a special permittion. Sport and tourism thus moved from Špičák and Železná Ruda to Hojsova Stráž and Můstek. But the number of injuries was increasing and the Mountain Rescue Service membership gradually raised to fifteen members. After 1956, powered wire barricades were installed along the whole state border, therefore the original “border zone” substantially narrowed and a large part of sport and tourism returned to Špičák and to Železné Ruda. Eight members of the Rescue Service with the assistance of a medical doctor were working every weekend. The membership base of Špičák district began to expand at that time, being joined firstly by local population, but gradually also by experienced skiers from Klatovy and Pilsen. The final base of the Mountain Rescue Service of Špičák district counted forty members and six medical doctors. The increasing number of visitors of the whole Šumava region also called for the increase of the Mountain Rescue Service districts. A new station in Železná Ruda was followed by stations in the Kašperské Mountains, Zadov, Kleť and Nová Huť after 1957. In the beginning, the Mountain Rescue Service was equipped with two military wooden boats for the transport of the injured, and a sanitary first aid bag from the Red Cross. Only later, when the Mountain Rescue Service belonged under ČSTV, its equipment improved. A wooden hut on Waisova meadow, which was a gift from Rixi military sanatorium, was used as a Mountain Rescue Service station. In 1961, a Soviet cottage was built there for the Mountain Rescue Service. It has been standing there as the evidence until today, only the owner changed. From its beginning, the Mountain Rescue Service provided safety for skiers on slopes, training meadows and mountain ridges, and assisted in sport events of all kinds. Additionally, it implements injury prevention and lectures, builds signposts in the mountains and deals with nature protection. (Source: Materials of Jiří Bárta, the co-founder of the Špičák Mountain Rescue Service, and Michal Janďura, the chief of the Šumava Mountain Rescue Service).

GPS position

N 49° 9.504', E 13° 13.659'



Milan Kříž