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Historie obce Špičák


The tourist resort Špičák is located 4 km from Železná Ruda in the saddle between Špičák Mountain (1202 m) and Pancíř mountain (1214 m). In the height of 1000m, through the neck of Špičák (so-called Špičák Saddle), the main European watershed between the Black Sea and the North Sea can be found there. The village of Špičák (originally Dorf Eisenstein, later Spitzberg) was formerly an independent municipality near Železná Ruda (Markt Eisenstein in German), enlarged by the area of Železná Ruda village (Dorf Eisenstein, a part of today´s Železná Ruda) after 1945. The village had its own administrative office, post office and later also a cinema. The name Železná Ruda (Iron Ore) has its origin in iron ore mining in the first half of the 16th century there. The German name has the word Markt in its first part, which means a town with marketing function. The settlement was promoted to a township in the late 18th century, and in 1960, it received the title „town“. The village of Špičák was at that time affiliated to the administrative territory of the area of Železná Ruda and governed by its municipal office. The first mention of Špičák Mountain dates back to 1569. The opening of the railway track from Pilsen to Železná Ruda at the end of the 19th century initiated a significant development of summer and later also winter tourism there. The railway passes through the mountain saddle beneath Špičák with a 1747 m long tunnel which was built in 1874–1877 as the first railway tunnel in the former Austrian-Hungarian Empire (see appropriate board). In the Körbrov´s guide of that time, we can read that: „Špičák, Spitzberg in German, belongs to the Czech Eisenštejn. The village is located in the mountain saddle between Špičák and Pancíř Mountains, spreading over both sides of the county road leading from Eisenštejn into the Úhlávka valley. This road also connects the train station with the colony at Špičák. For its convenient location, this village is very popular amongst tourists and summer guests, so the summer months are particularly busy here. As the winter tourism is also gradually developing, Špičák now belongs to very popular sport centers. Its popularity is such that the railways keep venturing special sport trains from Pilsen to Eisenštein on Sundays and public holidays from the 1st December until the end of March.“ The trains that used to be called „Snowmen“ were running to Železná Ruda already in the times of socialism, sometimes it was even possible to stay over night in the sleeping couches at Špičák station. Thanks to a number of guesthouses, pre-war hotels (Prokop, Rixi, built from 1882 to 1910), and hotels from the time after the First World War, Špičák became a well-known tourist and ski resort. As early as in 1913, the so called „nothern“ games took place there (disciplines included slalom, skiing with one stick, and acrobatic skiing). Even after the origin of the Iron Curtain, the development of Železná Ruda as a resort did not stop. About seventy recreational facilities were built in the area of Špičák, Hojsova Stráž and Železná Ruda in the fifties of the 19th century. There were trains and buses full of visitors running there on the weekends. In the seventies, the so called „border line“ was extended further inlands, and there were rumours that this area was meant to be closed for tourists. But the only thing that happened was that all tourists traveling by train were checked between Hojsova Stráž and Špičák stations, and people traveling by car had to submit their ID cards at the Špičák Saddle and in Hamry.

What interesting is there in the area of Železná Ruda and Špičák? In summer months, visitors can admire local nature and historical monuments. Local lakes belong to the main attractions of the region. Devil´s Lake and Black Lake are the closest ones, but you can also visit Prášilské Lake or Lake Laka, today unfortunately surrounded by dry forests. The lakes Roklanské, Velké and Malé Javorské lie just across the border. The top of Špičák Mountain is accessible in summer, using either a tourist trail or a funicular, in winter using a funicular or on cross-country skies. The most famous ski resort – Ski Resort Špičák – is situated at an altitude of 865 to 1202 m on the southeast slope of Špičák Mountain (1202 m). There are 17 downhill slopes of various difficulties with a total length of 8,4 km. On Špičák, there is also a historic funicular leading to Pancíř Mountain. Maintained ski trails can be found nearby. Železná Ruda and Špičák, together with the neighboring German village Bayerisch Eisenstein, form one of the largest non-Alps recreational and tourist resorts in Central Europe, offering a wide range of services for visitors all year round.

GPS position

N 49° 9.499', E 13° 13.589'



Milan Kříž