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The Heřmanský State – Oder River – Poolší Bird Area 2

The Heřmanický Pond and its surroundings 18

Basic information

This is a system of ponds in the Oder river floodplain with extensive reed vegetation, situated between Ostrava city, Rychvald and Bohumín parishes. The area consists of five ponds: the Heřmanický Pond, the Lesník, the Záblatský Pond, the Figura and The New State Pond. Two streams are running through this area – Vrbická and Bohumínská Streams. The brook Bystřinka flows into the New State Pond. The Heřmanický Pond has been used to retaining saline mine water since 1972. This is related to the specific composition of the pond water which is highly mineralized and contains a high content of iodine and boron. The remaining ponds are managed as fish-ponds. The area is a part of the Natura 2000 Project, the Heřmanický Pond is considered being a Site of the European importance. Its area covers 478.9617 hectares and includes all the ponds stated above. The main subject of protection is the Great Crested Newt Triturus cristatus, reproducing in pools with rich water vegetation and in marshes with extensive reeds at the edges of the ponds. The whole area also belongs to one part of Heřmanský the state – The Oder River – Poolší Bird Area, which is situated in the north-eastern part of the Moravian-Silesian region near the Polish border. This area is based upon the Oder river (in the length of cca 10 km) and the Olza river (in the length of cca 16 km) including adjacent river floodplains. Karviná ponds system and the stretch of the Petrůvka river border are connected from the east, pond systems in Rychvald, Bohumín – Záblatí and Heřmanice are connected form the south. The total extent of this bird area covers 3100,8670 hectares.

Subject of protection

The following species are the main subjects of protection in this bird area: the Little Bittern Ixobrychus minutus, the Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis and the Bluethroat Luscinia svecica. Except for that, many rare amphibians, birds and other animals can be found there.

Rybník Nový stav

New State pond (Nový stav)

New State pond used to be the biggest pond in the Rychvald region. Its area was 60 hectares, but due to undermining and partial filling with a waste rock during the mine pit ventilation construction in the former Heřmanice mine, the area decreased to current 57 hectares. Fishing Rychvald Ltd. (RYBÁŘSTVÍ Rychvald s.r.o.) has been managing the pond since 1994. Sport fishing is allowed here. Due to extraction and the soil dipping, the pond was not harvested properly for at least 35 years before the year 1994, causing a large share of trophy fish from this pond, mainly carp and catfish. Other species that can be caught here include: grass carp, silver carp, pike, perch and eel.

Useful information

Contact information

Regional Authority of the Moravian-Silesian Region, Department of the Environment and Agriculture 28. října 117, 702 18 Ostrava www.kr-moravskoslezsky.cz Phone: +420 595 622 297

GPS position

N 49° 52.818', E 18° 21.156'
[GPX]

[MAPY.CZ]

Contact

ČSOP Onyx
http://www.csoponyx.cz