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The Heřmanský State – Oder River – Poolší Bird Area 2

The Heřmanický Pond and its surroundings 12

Basic information

This is a system of ponds in the Oder river floodplain with extensive reed vegetation, situated between Ostrava city, Rychvald and Bohumín parishes. The area consists of five ponds: the Heřmanický Pond, the Lesník, the Záblatský Pond, the Figura and The New State Pond. Two streams are running through this area – Vrbická and Bohumínská Streams. The brook Bystřinka flows into the New State Pond. The Heřmanický Pond has been used to retaining saline mine water since 1972. This is related to the specific composition of the pond water which is highly mineralized and contains a high content of iodine and boron. The remaining ponds are managed as fish-ponds. The area is a part of the Natura 2000 Project, the Heřmanický Pond is considered being a Site of the European importance. Its area covers 478.9617 hectares and includes all the ponds stated above. The main subject of protection is the Great Crested Newt Triturus cristatus, reproducing in pools with rich water vegetation and in marshes with extensive reeds at the edges of the ponds. The whole area also belongs to one part of Heřmanský the state – The Oder River – Poolší Bird Area, which is situated in the north-eastern part of the Moravian-Silesian region near the Polish border. This area is based upon the Oder river (in the length of cca 10 km) and the Olza river (in the length of cca 16 km) including adjacent river floodplains. Karviná ponds system and the stretch of the Petrůvka river border are connected from the east, pond systems in Rychvald, Bohumín – Záblatí and Heřmanice are connected form the south. The total extent of this bird area covers 3100,8670 hectares.

Subject of protection

The following species are the main subjects of protection in this bird area: the Little Bittern Ixobrychus minutus, the Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis and the Bluethroat Luscinia svecica. Except for that, many rare amphibians, birds and other animals can be found there. The highly endangered Bearded Reedling (Panurus biarmicus) belongs to one of them.

Panurus biarmicus

The Bearded Reedling

The Bearded Reedling lives in dense reedbeds by permanent water areas, that have at least 3 hectares. It builds its nest in reed (cattail or sedge) approximately 75 cm above the ground or water surface. The Bearded Reedling is not too good at flying but it has very strong feet, climbing very skillfully on the reed. The young birds leave nests at a time when they are still not able to fly, only to climb. From February until October, their diet consists mainly from animals, especially insect and its larvae, spiders and small snails. In winter they feed mostly on plants, predominantly reed seeds. In the reedbeds of Heřmanický Pond, there nest about 10 – 20% of the nationwide population of this highly endangered species.

Useful information

Contact information

Regional Authority of the Moravian-Silesian Region, Department of the Environment and Agriculture 28. října 117, 702 18 Ostrava www.kr-moravskoslezsky.cz Phone: +420 595 622 297

GPS position

N 49° 52.993', E 18° 21.719'
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[MAPY.CZ]

Contact

ČSOP Onyx
http://www.csoponyx.cz