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The Heřmanský State – Oder River – Poolší Bird Area 2

Heřmanický Pond and its surroundings 8

Basic information

This is a system of ponds in the Oder river floodplain with extensive reed vegetation, situated between Ostrava city, Rychvald and Bohumín parishes. The area consists of five ponds: Heřmanický Pond, Lesník, Záblatský Pond, Figura and New State Pond. Two streams are running through this area – Vrbická and Bohumínská Streams. The brook Bystřinka flows into New State Pond. Heřmanický Pond has been used to retaining saline mine water since 1972. This is related to the specific composition of the pond water which is highly mineralized and contains a high content of iodine and boron. The remaining ponds are managed as fish-ponds. The area is a part of the Natura 2000 Project, Heřmanický Pond is considered being a Site of the European importance. Its area covers 478.9617 hectares and includes all the ponds stated above. The main subject of protection is the Great Crested Newt Triturus cristatus, reproducing in pools with rich water vegetation and in marshes with extensive reeds at the edges of the ponds. The whole area also belongs to one part of Heřmanský the state – The Oder River – Poolší Bird Area, which is situated in the north-eastern part of the Moravian-Silesian region near the Polish border. This area is based upon the Oder river (in the length of cca 10 km) and the Olza river (in the length of cca 16 km) including adjacent river floodplains. Karviná ponds system and the stretch of the Petrůvka river border are connected from the east, pond systems in Rychvald, Bohumín – Záblatí and Heřmanice are connected form the south. The total extent of this bird area covers 3100,8670 hectares.

EVL Heřmanický rybník

Subject of protection

The following species are the main subjects of protection in this bird area: the Little Bittern Ixobrychus minutus, the Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis and the Bluethroat Luscinia svecica. Except for that, many rare amphibians, birds and other animals can be found there. The Black-necked Grebe (Podiceps nigricollis) belongs to one of these species.

Podiceps nigricollis

The Black-necked Grebe

The Black-necked Grebe has an all-black neck and a spray of golden plumes on each side of its head in plumage. Normally, its colours are inconspicious, but you will be caught by its bright red eyes. It lives at ponds with rich marginal vegetation. It feeds on small water animals. It builds its nests on the water´s edges in the vegetation stands. Both parents sit on the clutch of 3–4 eggs and both of them take care of the young, that leave the nest soon after hatching. It winters in prosperous areas around the Mediterranean and Black Sea, arriving from March to mid-April, departing in September. It nests irregularly at Heřmanický a Záblatský Pond and belongs to endangered species.

Useful information

Contact information

Regional Authority of the Moravian-Silesian Region, Department of the Environment and Agriculture 28. října 117, 702 18 Ostrava www.kr-moravskoslezsky.cz Phone: +420 595 622 297

GPS position

N 49° 52.030', E 18° 20.061'
[GPX]

[MAPY.CZ]

Contact

ČSOP Onyx
http://www.csoponyx.cz