česky english deutsch polski <<< >>>

The Heřmanský State – Oder River – Poolší Bird Area 2

Heřmanický Pond and its surroundings 7

Basic information

This is a system of ponds in the Oder river floodplain with extensive reed vegetation, situated between Ostrava city, Rychvald and Bohumín parishes. The area consists of five ponds: Heřmanický Pond, Lesník, Záblatský Pond, Figura and New State Pond. Two streams are running through this area – Vrbická and Bohumínská Streams. The brook Bystřinka flows into New State Pond. Heřmanický Pond has been used to retaining saline mine water since 1972. This is related to the specific composition of the pond water which is highly mineralized and contains a high content of iodine and boron. The remaining ponds are managed as fish-ponds. The area is a part of the Natura 2000 Project, Heřmanický Pond is considered being a Site of the European importance. Its area covers 478.9617 hectares and includes all the ponds stated above. The main subject of protection is the Great Crested Newt Triturus cristatus, reproducing in pools with rich water vegetation and in marshes with extensive reeds at the edges of the ponds. The whole area also belongs to one part of Heřmanský the state – The Oder River – Poolší Bird Area, which is situated in the north-eastern part of the Moravian-Silesian region near the Polish border. This area is based upon the Oder river (in the length of cca 10 km) and the Olza river (in the length of cca 16 km) including adjacent river floodplains. Karviná ponds system and the stretch of the Petrůvka river border are connected from the east, pond systems in Rychvald, Bohumín – Záblatí and Heřmanice are connected form the south. The total extent of this bird area covers 3100,8670 hectares.

Subject of protection

The following species are the main subjects of protection in this bird area: the Little Bittern Ixobrychus minutus, the Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis and the Bluethroat Luscinia svecica. Except for that, many rare amphibians, birds and other animals can be found there. The European Otter (Lutra lutra) is one of these species.

Lutra lutra

The European Otter

The European Otter is a semiaquatic mammal about 80 cm in length. It most commonly lives in solitude. It is highly territorial and the size of the territory depends on the food amount, often exceeding 30 km2. The otter is a great swimmer and diver, it can stay in water for more than 5 minutes. Its eye and ear holes are closed by strong muscles during the dive, automatically being opened again after the surfacing. Long tactile hair on the muzzle provide orientation in muddy waters or during the burrow crawling. They hunt fish, shellfish, amphibians and crustaceans. The otters dig their burrows on clay banks or under tree roots, the entrance being often below the water surface. They give birth to one to four blind, almost hairless youngs. It belongs to highly endangered species.

Lutra lutra – stopy

Lutra lutra – trus

Useful information

Contact information

Regional Authority of the Moravian-Silesian Region, Department of the Environment and Agriculture 28. října 117, 702 18 Ostrava www.kr-moravskoslezsky.cz Phone: +420 595 622 297

GPS position

N 49° 52.084', E 18° 20.444'
[GPX]

[MAPY.CZ]

Contact

ČSOP Onyx
http://www.csoponyx.cz