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The Heřmanský State – Oder River – Poolší Bird Area 2

Heřmanický Pond and its surroundings 6

Basic information

This is a system of ponds in the Oder river floodplain with extensive reed vegetation, situated between Ostrava city, Rychvald and Bohumín parishes. The area consists of five ponds: Heřmanický Pond, Lesník, Záblatský Pond, Figura and New State Pond. Two streams are running through this area – Vrbická and Bohumínská Streams. The brook Bystřinka flows into New State Pond. Heřmanický Pond has been used to retaining saline mine water since 1972. This is related to the specific composition of the pond water which is highly mineralized and contains a high content of iodine and boron. The remaining ponds are managed as fish-ponds. The area is a part of the Natura 2000 Project, Heřmanický Pond is considered being a Site of the European importance. Its area covers 478.9617 hectares and includes all the ponds stated above. The main subject of protection is the Great Crested Newt Triturus cristatus, reproducing in pools with rich water vegetation and in marshes with extensive reeds at the edges of the ponds. The whole area also belongs to one part of Heřmanský the state – The Oder River – Poolší Bird Area, which is situated in the north-eastern part of the Moravian-Silesian region near the Polish border. This area is based upon the Oder river (in the length of cca 10 km) and the Olza river (in the length of cca 16 km) including adjacent river floodplains. Karviná ponds system and the stretch of the Petrůvka river border are connected from the east, pond systems in Rychvald, Bohumín – Záblatí and Heřmanice are connected form the south. The total extent of this bird area covers 3100,8670 hectares.

Heřmanický rybník

Subject of protection

The following species are the main subjects of protection in this bird area: the Little Bittern Ixobrychus minutus, the Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis and the Bluethroat Luscinia svecica. Except for that, many rare amphibians, birds and other animals can be found there. The critically endangered Common Redshank (Tringa totanus) belongs to one of these species.

Tringa totanus

The Common Redshank

The Common Redshank is an Eurasian wader in the large family Scolopacidae. It is as big as a blackbird and can be distinguished by its red feet and long, straight beak, red at its root. It nests in wet places or in the surroundings of shallow waters with low herbal vegetation, mostly in wet meadows, at the edges of ponds, their vegetated bottoms during summer, in marshes, but also in fields close to water. It is a migratory bird, its wintering places are in western Europe and in the Mediterranean. The Common Redshank is strongly decreasing its numbers in the Czech Republic, there are not more than 30 – 40 nesting pairs. The same counts for the whole Europe, where the nesting population decreased by 40% only during the years 1970 – 1990. The main reason of its decrease is the degradation and loss of nesting places by drainage and intense agricultural maintenance. A few pairs of this critically endangered bird nest in the wet meadows of Heřmanický Pond area, a Site of the European importance.

Useful information

Contact information

Regional Authority of the Moravian-Silesian Region, Department of the Environment and Agriculture 28. října 117, 702 18 Ostrava www.kr-moravskoslezsky.cz Phone: +420 595 622 297

GPS position

N 49° 52.803', E 18° 21.539'