česky english deutsch polski <<< >>>

The Heřmanský State – Oder River – Poolší Bird Area 2

Heřmanický Pond and its surroundings 4

Basic information

This is a system of ponds in the Oder river floodplain with extensive reed vegetation, situated between Ostrava city, Rychvald and Bohumín parishes. The area consists of five ponds: Heřmanický Pond, Lesník, Záblatský Pond, Figura and New State Pond. Two streams are running through this area – Vrbická and Bohumínská Streams. The brook Bystřinka flows into New State Pond. Heřmanický Pond has been used to retaining saline mine water since 1972. This is related to the specific composition of the pond water which is highly mineralized and contains a high content of iodine and boron. The remaining ponds are managed as fish-ponds. The area is a part of the Natura 2000 Project, Heřmanický Pond is considered being a Site of the European importance. Its area covers 478.9617 hectares and includes all the ponds stated above. The main subject of protection is the Great Crested Newt Triturus cristatus, reproducing in pools with rich water vegetation and in marshes with extensive reeds at the edges of the ponds. The whole area also belongs to one part of Heřmanský the state – The Oder River – Poolší Bird Area, which is situated in the north-eastern part of the Moravian-Silesian region near the Polish border. This area is based upon the Oder river (in the length of cca 10 km) and the Olza river (in the length of cca 16 km) including adjacent river floodplains. Karviná ponds system and the stretch of the Petrůvka river border are connected from the east, pond systems in Rychvald, Bohumín – Záblatí and Heřmanice are connected form the south. The total extent of this bird area covers 3100,8670 hectares.

Subject of protection

The following species are the main subjects of protection in this bird area: the Little Bittern Ixobrychus minutus, the Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis and the Bluethroat Luscinia svecica. Except for that, many rare amphibians, birds and other animals can be found there. The Great Crested Newt (Triturus cristatus) is the main subject of protection at Heřmanický Pond, a Site of the European importance.

Triturus cristatus – samec a samice

The Great Crested Newt

The Great Crested Newt can be found in bigger and deeper natural or artificial water pools. It lives mainly in ponds, lagoons in quarries and sand pits, pools, rarely even in flodded ditches, irrigated canals or fire tanks. Males can be distinguished from females by the presence of a jagged crest during the breeding season. This runs along their backs, then a separate smoother-edged crest runs above and below the tail. Another sign that a male is ready for breeding is a silver-grey stripe that runs along the tail. In Heřmanický pond, the newt breeds in deeper pools close to the woods. Regarding this species protection, it is necessary to avoid filling small water areas, or to create pools with no fish access. The Great Crested Newt belongs to highly endangered species protected by law.

Triturus cristatus – samec

Triturus cristatus – samička

Useful information

Contact information

Regional Authority of the Moravian-Silesian Region, Department of the Environment and Agriculture 28. října 117, 702 18 Ostrava www.kr-moravskoslezsky.cz Phone: +420 595 622 297

GPS position

N 49° 52.266', E 18° 21.193'
[GPX]

[MAPY.CZ]

Contact

ČSOP Onyx
http://www.csoponyx.cz