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The Heřmanský State – Oder River – Poolší Bird Area 1

The Olza Floodplain 1

Basic information

The Olza river floodplain is home to many protected animal and plant species. Former meanders of this floodplain and a well-preserved river terrace around Věřňovice with its mostly linear accompanying vegetation and soft meadows are an ideal shelter for these species. A part of this area belongs to Věřňovice Natural Monument which encompasses 4,59 hectares and was established in order to protect the vegetation of its floodplain forest in 1989. Věřňovice Natural Monument is regarded as one of Sites of Community Importance (SCI) as is it a part of The Olza River Floodplain– Věřňovice Protected Area which was established in order to protect brown hermit Osmoderma eremita and yellow-bellied toad Bombina variegata within an area of 553,9969 hectares. Apart from that, this area also belongs to Heřmanský the state – The Oder River – Poolší Bird Area which is located in the northeastern part of Moravian-Silesian Region near the Polish border. This area is based upon the Oder river (in the lenght of cca 10 km) and the Olza river (in the length of cca 16 km) including adjacent river floodplains. Karviná ponds system and the stretch of the Petrůvka river border are connected from the east, pond systems in Rychvald, Bohumín – Záblatí and Heřmanice are connected form the south. The total extent of this bird area is 3100,8670 hectares.

EVL Niva Olše – Věřňovice

Subject of protection

The following species are the main subjects of protection in this bird area: the Little Bittern Ixobrychus minutus, the Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis and the Bluethroat Luscinia svecica. Except from that, many rare amphibians, birds and other animals can be found there.

Site of Community Importance (SCI) The Olza River Floodplain – Věřňovice

Site of Community Importance (SCI) The Olza River Floodplain – Věřňovice was established in the Olza river floodplain with its former meanders and well-preserved river terrace near Věřňovice. Forests have been preserved mainly along former meanders, the land is otherwise used in agriculture. The linear green has a very important lanscape appearance. The river terrace near Věřňovice is a specific kind of environment (a protected area Věřňovice Natural Monument was established here, encompassing almost 6 hectars). Adjacant to the area we can find Dembina forest and meadows structured by the linear green. The soft meadow has been extended in this area mainly in the place of former meanders. Massive examples of oaks Quercus robur can be found here, as well as ashes Fraxinus excelsior, sometimes even elm trees Ulmus laevis, lime trees Tilia cordata or maples Acer campestre.

Ulmus leavis

Acer campestre

Useful information

Contact information Regional Authority of the Moravian-Silesian Region, Department of the Environment and Agriculture 28. října 117, 702 18 Ostrava www.kr-moravskoslezsky.cz Phone: +420 595 622 297

GPS position

N 49° 55.785', E 18° 24.372'