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Straznice Region


Up to the 18th century, wine growing in Moravia was regulated by special laws which had been introduced to help protect vineyards from damage and prevent people from stealing grapes (a valuable commodity). Anyone caught stealing grapes during the day could end up having a hand or arm cut off. Those who stole at night could lose their lives and entire properties. The laws also governed the ways in which people working in the vineyards behaved – there were particular times set for prayers and blasphemy, indecent talk, swearing, and singing of “lewd” songs were forbidden and punished. On the other hand, vineyards were regarded as special territories where people could take refuge – it was forbidden to attack anyone physically or verbally within their borders.

The law was implemented by a special court lead by “horny” (Czech “hora” = wine growing location), also called “perkmistr” (derived from the German “Bergmeister”). During the growing season he was helped by wardens – “hotari”, who took turns patrolling the vineyards. When the wardens were voted in each season, the whole village would be present. Each warden was provided with a special whistle (used to scare birds off), a club, a long whip, and sometimes even a rifle. When the weather was bad, he could seek shelter in a special hut (“hotarska buda”) built on the side of the vineyard.

Hotarska buda

The special laws granting executive power to local estate owners and municipalities were abolished in 1784 and replaced with a general regulation for the whole of the Moravia region introduced by the Emperor Joseph II.

wine growers from Straznice

GPS position

N 48° 51.643', E 17° 19.073'



Vzdělávací a informační středisko Bílé Karpaty, o.p.s.
Marie Petrů
Tel.:518 322 545