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Hornacko Region


Quarries and pits do not necessarily have to become ugly scars on the face of the landscape. The small ones often gradually turn into interesting havens for many rare animals and plants; the Javornik clay pit is a good example of this. Its name “Hlinik” is derived from the Czech word “hlina” – soil or clay. The pit used to provide clay for bricks.

After the mining had been abandoned, the bottom of the pit turned into several small wetlands. The banks have been growing over with reed, bulrush, and sedges, attracting frogs and other animals. Wetlands in general provide suitable places for reproduction, ample food, and the plant cover offers a welcome shelter from predators. For a long time now, wetlands have been tamed and utilized by man. In the modern history, however, the pace at which they are disappearing has dramatically increased. Even in this area many wetlands have been drained, plowed in, and built over.

The “Hlinik” pit at Javornik has become an important place for the reproduction of the rare Yellow-Bellied Toad (Bombina variegata). This small frog has an interesting defence strategy: when a predator approaches, the frog bends backwards and lifts its legs, displaying the distinctive yellow spots on its belly. By doing this, it is sending a clear message to the predators: “Back off, I’m poisonous and not fit to eat!”

GPS position

N 48° 51.735', E 17° 31.190'



Vzdělávací a informační středisko Bílé Karpaty, o.p.s.
Marie Petrů
Bartolomějské náměstí 47, 698 01 Veselí nad Moravou
Tel.:518 322 545