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Okruh Debrník - utajená obrana


To avoid rapid progress of motorized enemy units to the Czechoslovak area, devices to block the roads were built previously in periods of peace. The so-called „special devices“ on the roads were built already before the war in 1936–1938. Preserved buildings were then used even after the war. These special devices included steel bars Ippen and closures from vertically concreted rails.

In 1949–1950, a number of suitable places along the border line with Western Germany and Austria was selected, on which earth-wooden roadblocks were built. They were able to block the complete road´s clearance profile by using wooden logs. These barriers were removed nine years later and replaced with other obstacles, usually with concrete pyramids. In connection with the Iron Curtain establishment, the Border Guards units resorted all roads and forest paths, which crossed the state border. Unused roads were then often plowed or afforested. In case of a war conflict, further tree gouges and other improvised obstacles would be made, such as during the Sudeten German uprising in September 1938. The symbol of a divided Europe was, except for the Berlin Wall, also the railway station in Železná Ruda – Alžbětín, where the state border leads directly in the middle of the station building and the railway tracks. Fortunately enough, the station building was not demolished, but it took four decades to remove the barriers dividing the Czech and the German part of the station. The trail ends there, at the former border crossing to Germany. The fortification and other military defense infrastructure lost its meaning only after the Czech Republic joined the NATO. Half-buried and forgotten bunkers thus became only a memento of the totalitarian oppression and divided Europe. The last obstacles on the way to Bavaria were removed in December 2007, after the Czech Republic joined the Schengen area.

GPS position

N 49° 7.397', E 13° 12.470'



Město Železná Ruda
Milan Kříž