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Štramberský kras

Horní bašta (Upper Bastion, 422 m)

This street began to emerge in the 17th century when the city escalated beyond the walls. It was named after the round corner bastion of the city fortification, which was adjusted to a dwelling house. Many timbered houses on stone retaining walls (typical for the Lachia area) have survived at the Upper bastion. Lack of space and a large slope of the terrain did not allow the construction of houses as we know from the villages nearby. Complex conditions have created a picturesque composition of the poor and wealthy homes, clinging to rocks in many places such as swallow nests, climbing up the steep slope to the city walls. The two most common crafts in Štramberk were weaving and drapery. Drapers processed wool yarn for cloth, the more coveted article. Their houses were larger and more affluent, adapted to operate their craft. The house-place was larger because of the size of the buckskin loom and an attic was tailored to dry the cloth. Weavers processed hemp and flax mainly on cloth. Weaving was not too profitable, which was also seen on the significantly smaller houses. An example of a poor weaver's house is so-called „Jericho“, House No. 272. Two more similar houses stood under this one, which had to be disposed due to an expansion path in 1908. Clearly visible outcrops of Jurassic limestone are above the houses in the Horní bašta; sandstone area is between the streets of Dolní and Horní bašta and is visible as the boulders at foot of the retaining wall at the house No. 279. Another interesting thing is a cave called Vacov´s hole, which leads to the surface in the bathroom of the house No. 106. The cave is 27 m long. The cave walls are decorated with sinter formations and small spherical stalactites. The cave terminates in several narrow channels.

GPS position

N 49° 35.453', E 18° 6.877'



Geopark Podbeskydí/Občanské sdružení Hájenka
Ing. Dalibor Kvita