česky english deutsch <<< >>>

ČGS Olomouc

Mammoth Hunter Memorial

The memorial was erected in 2006 by the town of Přerov in cooperation with the Komenský Museum in Přerov and the Institute of Archaeology of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic in Brno. Also the foreign experts were involved in the preparation and research. The memorial is an archaeological exposure which enabled the researches, for the first time in the Czech Republic, to preserve the Palaeolithic layers on the spot and make them available to public. The animal bones (besides other minor mammals, it is especially the bones of woolly mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius), wild forest horse (Equus ferus germanicus), reindeer (Rangifer tarandus), Eurasian cave lion (Panthera leo spelaea), and aurochs (Bos primigenius)) are scattered in a few layers on the easy slope. The remnants include both the whole bones and the positions of minor burnt bones mixed with pigments. A portion of bones is cut using the tools made of stone as a primeval man processed and used hunted animals on the spot. The stony tools were also scattered even in the cultural layers. An extraordinary finding is a bone fraction decorated by a fine lattice-like pattern. Předmostí u Přerova is a notable archaeological site, known especially for its Palaeolithic excavations of a large amount of mammoth bones. Along with Dolní Věstonice, it is the most important site in the Czech Republic. The most notable discovery in Předmostí is a mass grave (also referred to as “funeral premises”) of the mammoth hunter population from the period of about 26,000–27,000 years ago. This worldwide unique finding was discovered and documented in 1894 by the explorer K. J. Maška who discovered twenty skeletons at the area sized 4.0×2.5 m. The findings included two skeletons of girls aged 10–12 and 15–16, seven skeletons of children aged below 10 and three skeletons of suckling infants aged 2 to 6 months. The grown-up or nearly adult skeletons included three women and four men. The age of the oldest, 180 cm tall man was 50. It is so far the greatest discovered group of human skeletons with a modern type anatomy. The abundant skeletal remains of the Pleistocene fauna, especially the mammoths, were first noted by Jan Blahoslav (1523–1571), famous native to Přerov, in his linguistic work Gramatika česká (Czech Grammar) as early as in the 16th century. The archaeological research was initiated in the 19th century. The found bones of mammoths and other animals were abundantly used in industrial sugar refineries to produce the animal charcoal (bone charcoal). The bone charcoal was predominantly used in sugar industry to decalcify and decolourize a sugar juice. At present, the majority of original sites are destroyed by mining or building of neighbouring housing estates. The themed nature trail “Předmostím až do pravěku” (Through Předmostí up to Prehistoric Times) leads in a surrounding area.

GPS position

N 49° 28.013', E 17° 26.232'
[GPX]

[MAPY.CZ]

Contact

Česká geografická společnost
Mgr. Petra Karvánková, Ph.D.
Katedra geografie PF JU v Českých Budějovicích, Jeronýmova 10, 371 15 České Budějovice
Tel.:+420 387 773 063
e-mail:karvikus@seznam.cz
http://