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Straznice Region

LANDSCAPE AND WATER

Water takes up to about 80% of the human body and we need to keep an eye on regular water intake. It is very important to us. The same is true for plants and animals. Most of them are dependent on water provided by various natural water reservoirs – from big rivers to small streams, oxbow lakes, ponds, marshes, and other wetlands. Generally, wetlands (water reservoirs) help retain water in the landscape, and so they constitute key elements in its water cycle. Some, like marshes, even filter and purify water. They also improve the climate by helping to moderate the differences between day and night temperatures, and work as natural flood barriers.

pool near the river

For centuries people have wanted to claim more of the alluvial plains along the Morava River in this area for farming. To achieve this, they needed to tame the Morava River first, to try to reduce the flood risk. The straightening of the meandering riverbed, however, did not bring the desired effect. Moreover, the human intervention has changed the water regime in the whole region – the water is drained from the landscape too fast, making it very dry; parts of the Morava began to be straightened in 1818, yet some 100 years later a complex system of canals had to be built to irrigate the former floodplain meadows (they used to be flooded for 2–6 days up to 5 times a year). After 1948 the irrigation system was abandoned and these days only small parts of it are operational.

GPS position

N 48° 55.443', E 17° 18.655'
[GPX]

[MAPY.CZ]

Contact

Vzdělávací a informační středisko Bílé Karpaty, o.p.s.
Marie Petrů
Tel.:518 322 545
e-mail:visbk@bilekarpaty.cz
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